Because psoriasis is an incurable chronic disease, it is impossible to eliminate the underlying cause. Therefore, treatment aims to keep the patient symptom-free for as long as possible. In other words, the purpose should be to reduce the symptoms as much as possible.
The treating physician must consider many factors when choosing a treatment strategy. It is crucial to consider the extent, location, nature, and severity of the skin symptoms and any accompanying symptoms.
It is also vital to evaluate the patient’s general health, other medical conditions, medication habits, lifestyle, and results of previous treatments.
Light therapy, also called phototherapy, is one treatment option that may help reduce psoriasis symptoms.
Light therapy involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet (UV) light on a regular basis. UV light can help slow skin cell growth and reduce inflammation.
Two types of light therapy are commonly used to treat psoriasis: ultraviolet B (UVB) therapy and broadband ultraviolet A (UVA) therapy. UVB therapy uses a narrow band of UVB light, while UVA therapy uses a broader band of UVA light.
Light therapy is usually done in a doctor’s office or clinic. Treatment sessions typically last for about 15-30 minutes and are usually done 2-3 times per week.
2. Ointments or creams containing steroids
Steroid creams or ointments can be an effective psoriasis treatment. They work by reducing inflammation and preventing the formation of new skin cells. Over-the-counter and prescription steroid creams and ointments are available.
Before using a steroid cream or ointment, you must talk to your doctor about possible side effects. Some common side effects include skin thinning, bruising, and stretch marks. Steroid creams or ointments can also cause adrenal suppression if used for long periods.
3. Coal Tar
By-products of coal gas and coke production from coal include coal tar, a thick, black liquid. Some skin conditions, including psoriasis, have been treated with it for centuries.
Coal tar is thought to work by slowing the growth of skin cells, reducing inflammation, and relieving itchiness. It can be used as a cream, ointment, lotion, shampoo, or soap.
Some people may experience side effects from coal tar, such as dryness, redness, burning, or skin staining. Generally, these side effects are mild and disappear over time.
4. Intense moisturizing agents
Psoriasis can be treated with a variety of emollients, and the one that is most appropriate for each individual will depend on the severity of the condition. The most common emollients used include corticosteroids, calcipotriene, tazarotene, and coal tar. Light therapy and oral medications may be used in conjunction with these products depending on the severity of the disease.
Corticosteroids are the most commonly prescribed emollient for psoriasis, as they are effective at reducing inflammation and itching. Calcipotriene is a vitamin D analogue that can help to slow down the growth of skin cells, and tazarotene is a retinoid that can help to reduce the inflammation and redness associated with psoriasis. Coal tar can also be effective at reducing the symptoms of psoriasis, but it can cause skin irritation in some people, as we mentioned before.
5. Vitamin D supplementation
Some research suggests that people with psoriasis are more likely to suffer from vitamin D deficiency during winter. A laboratory test can therefore be used to determine vitamin D levels and, if necessary, supplement the shortage. Additionally, foods like salmon, vitamin-enriched cereals, and dietary supplements can provide vitamin D.
6. Biologic Therapy
Biologic therapy is a medical treatment that uses living organisms or their products to treat a disease. The therapy can target specific areas or treat the whole body. Biologic therapy for psoriasis is a treatment that uses living organisms or their products to target specific areas of the body affected by psoriasis. The therapy can be used to treat the whole body or to target specific areas affected by psoriasis. Biologic therapy for psoriasis is an effective treatment option for many people with the condition.
7. Systemic Medication
There are many different types of systemic medication that can be used to treat psoriasis. The most common are corticosteroids, methotrexate, and cyclosporine.
The anti-inflammatory medication corticosteroids are taken orally or injected under the skin. Treatment of psoriasis usually begins with them. Corticosteroids can cause weight gain, thinning of the skin, and an increased risk of infection as side effects.
Methotrexate is an immunosuppressive drug that is taken orally or injected. Usually, it is used in conjunction with corticosteroid treatment or light therapy. Possible side effects of methotrexate include liver damage, stomach upset, and hair loss.
Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressive drug that is taken orally.
What food should psoriasis patients avoid?
As psoriasis can vary from person to person, there is no one-size-fits-all diet for patients. In general, however, people with psoriasis should follow certain guidelines. A person with psoriasis should generally avoid processed foods, sugary foods, dairy products, and gluten. These foods can trigger inflammation and make psoriasis worse. Instead, focus on eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats. This type of diet will help reduce inflammation and improve your overall health.
Do any vitamins help psoriasis?
Some people with psoriasis report that taking vitamin D supplements helps to clear their skin. Vitamin A and omega-3 fatty acids may also be beneficial. Psoriasis sufferers are generally advised to eat a healthy diet and take a daily multivitamin.